Born in Dunfermline, Scotland on November 25, 1835, Andrew Carnegie was the son of weaver William Carnegie and Margaret Morrison. Due to labor situations in Scotland, Andrew’s family immigrated to America in 1848 when he was 12 years old. Steam looms had begun to replace many of the Scottish workers, William among them, so they settled in Allegheny, Pennsylvania. Following his father into the textile industry, Andrew soon went to work in a cotton mill as a bobbin boy. He worked 12 hours each day and earned $1.20 per week.